is a stanza which consists of a series of four lines of poetry. Quatrains are most often rhymed according to one of the following rhyme schemes:
ABAB: This means that the first and third lines rhyme, and the second and fourth lines rhyme. This rhyme scheme is used in the quatrains of Elizabethan Sonnets
ABBA: This means that the first and fourth lines rhyme, and the second and third lines rhyme. This rhyme scheme is used in Italian Sonnets
AABB: This means that the first and second lines rhyme, as do the third and fourth. If the poem is in iambic pentameter
, two successive rhyming lines are called heroic couplets
ABCB: This means that only the second and fourth lines rhyme. This is similar to ABAB, except it only has half as many rhymes, making it easier to write. The following poem excerpt uses this rhyme scheme:Jazz EnsembleLike shards of ice, the broken moonlight floats
In fragments on the gently tossing wake:
A shattered line of silver in the dark,
A gleaming spotlight twinkling on the lake.
And all around in shadowed splendor stands,
The audience of grand, majestic trees,
With arms upraised in quiet eagerness,
And broad, green leaves that murmur in the breeze.(Copyright 2008 by Douglas Twitchell)See AlsoElizabethan SonnetsItalian SonnetsIambic PentameterCopyright 2010 Douglas. All rights reserved. FifteenMinutesOfFiction.com has been granted non-exclusive rights to display this work. For permission to reprint this item, please contact the author.
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